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 新版汽车产业政策正在修订 重点规划新能源汽车
 New automobile industrial policy is being revised focus on the planning of new e
Time:2009-11-05

    新版汽车产业政策正在修订 重点规划新能源汽车

    参考文献来源第一财经日报
    作为国内指导汽车产业发展最重要的政策纲领,2004年版《汽车产业发展政策》即将完成历史使命,新版产业政策正在加紧修订中。日前,工信部产业司司长辛国斌在参加“2009汽车产业国际论坛”时透露了这一消息。
    而旨在提振国内车市的三年振兴规划自从年初实施以来,本应今年落实的十多项提振措施中只出台了小排量购置税减半、汽车下乡、老旧车辆加速淘汰等细则,尚有大部分细则还未落实,由此不少专家分析,明年将是汽车产业政策集中出台的一年。
    针对汽车产业发展,政府部门在1994年和2004年分别出台过两次产业发展政策,而最近两年国内外汽车产业都发生了巨大变革,五年前的产业政策显然已经不足以应对汽车业内外部的变化。
    下一步,对于新能源汽车的发展进行重点规划,将会是国家制定汽车产业政策考虑的重要内容。据辛国斌透露,工业和信息化部会同有关部门修订汽车产业发展政策,其中一个重要的方面是增加鼓励新能源汽车发展的相关内容,进一步明确新能源汽车产业发展方向。
    “同时在新能源汽车准入管理规则实施的基础上,结合我国新能源汽车产业发展特点,针对出现的新情况新问题,及时研究配套措施,进一步完善新能源汽车和生产企业产品准入管理政策,促进新能源汽车的发展。”辛国斌表示。
    种种迹象表明,政府部门将对发展新能源汽车的一系列政策法规一并进行商讨。辛国斌表示,将促进关键零部件产业的协调发展,要科学规划、重点支持,尽快实现关键零部件的自主化和基础原材料的本土化。
    为规范鼓励新能源汽车发展,2007年10月国家颁布了新能源汽车管理规则,对新能源汽车的生产准入提出了要求。“新能源汽车管理规则对零部件提出一些具体的要求,今后要根据技术发展进行补充完善。”辛国斌说。
    政策拉动车市,成为世界各国化解危机的重要手段,除了正在讨论的汽车产业政策,在节能减排的大背景下,将于今年12月31日结束的小排量车购置税政策将如何继续,也成为业界最近讨论最多的话题。
    在上周记者的采访中,部分业内人士仍然坚持呼吁今年的减税政策应持续到明年。中国汽车工业协会秘书长董扬认为,今年前8个月的良好发展态势与国家出台的有关促进政策密不可分,年底政策敏感期即将到来,政策走向将直接影响下半年及明年汽车工业的发展,“我希望继续延续购置税减半等政策。”
    据中国汽车工业协会统计,受惠于小排量车购置税减半政策,前8个月1.6升以下品种的乘用车增长了55.5%,比乘用车同期增速高18.7%,占车市总比重的70%。
    而中国汽车技术研究中心主任赵航也认为,购置税减征政策2009年年底到期,预计2010年仍将延续。“不延续,汽车消费需求就会掉下来。”
    事实上,国家已经明确如期结束减税措施,明年相关部门将出台更为立体的鼓励节能车型市场消费的新政策。环保部污染防治司处长任洪岩在接受CBN记者采访时透露,趁现在所得税法有些调整,财政部和税务总局跟环保部商量,希望把机动车污染防治税纳入进去。“这个问题目前已经取得了环保部等相关部委的同意,财政部接下来要研究的是征收的名称和形式。”
    目前环保部在配合国务院法制办起草《大气污染防治法》,明年全国人大有望正式颁布。同时,《机动车污染防治管理条例》、《“十二五”机动车污染防治规划》也正在制定之中。
    据业内人士分析,明年出台的各项汽车行业指导规划跟以往政策有所不同,预计会结合多方面手段,注重产业升级和环境可持续发展的关系,比如会考虑采取税收、补贴等多种方式并行的手段,指引汽车产业应对新一轮的宏观形势变化。


New automobile industrial policy is being revised focus on the planning of new energy vehicles

As the most important policy program to guide the development of the domestic auto industry, 2004 edition of "Automobile Industry Development Policy" will complete its historical mission, the new industrial policy, is stepping up its revision.Recently, Xin Guobin ,the Secretary of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, revealed the news, when participating in the "2009 International Forum on the automotive industry,". 

And since it was put in practice at the beginning of this year , the three-year revitalization plan aiming to boost the domestic auto market only introduced a few of detailed regulations to boost small-displacement purchase tax by half, automobile into countryside, speeding up the elimination of old vehicles, and so on. There are most of the details which should be carried out this year hasn’t  been finalized yet, thus a lot of experts analysis, next year will be  one year that the automotive industry policies are intensively issued. 

For the automotive industry, the government departments had introduced two industry development policies in 1994 and 2004 respectively. However, domestic and international automotive industry have changed great in the past two years .Clearly, five-year-old industrial policies are  not sufficient to cope with the changes inside and outside of the auto industry.

The next step ,the primary planning of the new energy vehicles’ development  will be important  considerations for government  to establish the automobile industry policies.According to Xin Guobin ,as the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in conjunction with relevant departments work out emendations to the automobile industry development policy, one important aspect is to add to relevant contents of  encouraging the development of new energy vehicles and to further clarify the direction of development of new energy automotive industry.

"At the same time , based on  the implementation of the rules governing access to new energy vehicles ,combined with the development of China's ew energy auto industry characteristics and on the emergence of new situations and new problems, timely research supporting measures, further improve the management policy of access to new energy vehicles and enterprise products,and promote the development of new energy vehicles. "Xin Guobin said.

There are indications that the government departments will have discussion about a series of policies and regulations of developing new energy vehicles.Xin Guobin said it would promote the coordinated development of key parts industry to scientifically plan, focus on the support of key parts ,and actualize the autonomy of key parts and the localization of basic raw materials as soon as possible.

In order to regulate and encourage new energy vehicle development, in October 2007 the State promulgated the rules governing the new energy vehicles, which set forth requirements for the production of new energy vehicles to access." The rules governing new energy vehicles make some specific requirements on spare parts, and will be replenished and perfected in the future according to technical development." Xin Guobin said. 

Policy driving automobile market has become an important means to defuse the crisis over the world. In addition to the automobile industry policy being discussed , in the context of energy-saving and emission reduction, it has also become the industry's most recently discussed topic that how to continue small-displacement car purchase tax policy, which will be finished by December 31 this year.

In an interview last week, some industry continues insiders insist that the tax cuts policy of this year should last out till next year.Dong Yang, Secretary of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers , believes that the good development momentum of the first 8 months this year and the policies of promotion promulgated by the state are inseparable. The policy-sensitive period is about to come by the end of this year, and the policy direction will directly affect the second half and next year's development of the auto industry, "I hope to continue to follow the policies such as purchase tax by half."

According to the statistics by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, benefiting from the policy of low-emission vehicle purchase tax by half, the types of passenger cars at 1.6 liters or below increased by 55.5% the first 8 months, 18.7% higher than the passenger growth rate over the same period, accounting for 70% of the total auto market.

Zhao Hang,director of China Automotive Technology and Research Center, also believes that the policy of purchasing tax reduction expiring at the end of 2009 is expected to continue in 2010"No extension, automotive consumer demand will fall."

In fact, the state has made it clear scheduled end of the tax cuts .Next year, related departments will introduce a more three-dimensional model of the new policy to encourage market consumption of energy saving cars.Ren Hongyan , Director of Pollution Prevention and Control Ministry  ,in an interview with CBN reporter, disclosed that while some adjustments in the Income Tax  now, Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Taxation  discuss with the Ministry of Environmental Protection, hoping to bring the pollution control of motor vehicles into tax."This issue has got the consent of Pollution Prevention and Control Ministry and other related ministries, and the Department of the Finance Ministry will then have to study the collection name and form." 

Ministry of Environmental Protection is currently with the State Council Legislative Affairs Office in the drafting of "Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Law".And National People's Congress is expected to formally promulgated next year.Meanwhile, the "Motor Vehicle Pollution Control and Management Regulations", "" Shier Wu, "Motor Vehicle Pollution Prevention and Control Plan" is also being developed. 

According to industry analysis, the planning of the automotive industry introduced next year is different with the past policies .It is expected to be combined with various means and to focus on the relationship of industrial upgrading and environmental sustainability, for example consider parallel means which concludes taxes, subsidies and other methods ,to guide auto industry respond to new changes of the macroeconomic situation.

 

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